84. President must be the head of government

One of the differences between a Republican system of governance and the Presidential Democracy is that in a Presidential Democracy the Head of State (the President) is always directly elected by the citizens and always directly selects ministers or selects the Prime Minister, who then selects the ministers. The second difference is that in a republican system the government may fall within a given electoral term, whereas in the presidential system the same head of state can elect another government (like in France, which would have to be approved by the parliament) or change ministers (like in the USA).

The future European Federation’s President needs such powers for two main reasons: to keep strict separation of powers and maintain a stability of the government, which in these challenging and unstable times is a top requirement.

The initial position of the participants debating this issue can be found in this Report made on 22/5/2021. Click on Participants (bucketized) and Group outline to see how the participants were split into two Groups, the larger one with a minimum 60% agreeing with the specified proposals.